Kurzweil Implentation Begins at Westside High School

Beth Goodrich, Senior Manager – Office of Special Education Services and friends began implementation of Kurzweil software at Westside High School this afternoon. Kurzweil was introduced to the English Language Arts Team as the first step to campus wide use. In the classroom Kurzweil is used for all students as tool to enhance the learning experience and for student with disabilities to overcome curriclulm barriers. Kurzweil nicely compliments the PowerUp and personalized learning initiatives also beginning at Westside. During the training teachers used Kurzweil to adapt digital text into text to speech, diagrams, picture prompts and outlines. Participants engaged in discussion on how features of Kurzweil can also be implemented on state wide assessments (i.e. STAAR).

Does your campus “Kurzweil?”

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HISD Speech Therapy Kickoff to New School Year

The HISD Speech Therapy team kicked off the new school year by connecting speech therapists (SLPs) to many of the district’s initiatives. Literacy by 3 was introduced by Cheval Bryant, HISD Speech Manager as she posed the following questions to SLPs in small group sessions.

1. Why Should SLPs be concerned about Literacy? How do we fit in?
2. What unique contributions can SLPs make to literacy instruction?
3. What is the relationship between language and literacy?
4. What is the SLP’s role in literacy?

Discussion on the Literacy by 3 district initiative concluded with a review of the American Speech and Hearing Assocition (ASHA) postion statment on literacy found here..

District SLPs engaged in understanding the importance of classroom based speech therapy as the default service delivery model. “All students should be served in the classroom, unless there are skills that the SLP is working on that cannot be supported in a classroom setting… Classroom based therapy is the default option.” At the end of the 2013-2014 data indicates 58% of speech services were delivered in the classroom. The goal for this year is 80% classroom based therapy for all HISD SLPs and the students they serve!

Monday SLP Kick off events concluded with SLP links to Universal Design, and iStation for SLPs.

SLPs can enhance learning and access to the curriculum for all students! View the entire Speech Therapy Job-a-like presentation here.

-Michael Webb mwebb3@houstonisd.org

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The SLP’s Role in Dyslexia Identification

Since the core difficulty in dyslexia stems from deficits in phonological awareness skills, phonological memory, and rapid automatic naming abilities, dyslexia is clearly a disability stemming from a core deficit in language.

We as Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) can, and should be, the first responders for young students as risk for dyslexia.

By identifying students with poor phonological awareness skills, or phonological awareness skills that do not match up with other language skills or cognitive abilities, we can make a difference in helping students at-risk for dyslexia before they begin to fail at reading.

The earlier remediation begins, the less severe the impact of the disability will have on the student’s life.

The SLP’s role in identifying students at risk for dyslexia include:

1-Understand Dyslexia

  • Dyslexia is a specific disability that is neurological in origin.

It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities.

—These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.

Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

(Adopted by the International Dyslexia Association Board of Directors, November 2002)

2- Know the Signs of Dyslexia

  • May have difficulty with rhyming
  • May have poor auditory memory for nursery rhymes and chants
  • May have difficulty learning and remembering the names of letters in the alphabet
  • May have difficulty recognizing letters in his/her own name
  • May mispronounce familiar words
  • May be unable to recall the right word
  • May have trouble learning numbers, days of the week, colors, and shapes
  • Fails to understand that words come apart (i.e. snowman can be pulled apart into snow and man, man can be broken down as /m/ /a/ /n/)
  • Complains about how hard reading is, or “disappearing” when it is time to read
  • Cannot sound out simple words like cat, map, nap- lacks a strategy to decode single words
  • Relies on context clues to recognize a word

3- Use A Language Assessment to Identify Students Who Need Further Testing for Dyslexia

When completing a language assessment on students in pre-K through second grade, include the CTOPP-2 in your assessments. If the student scores low on the CTOPP-2, CONNECT WITH THE CAMPUS EVALUATION SPECIALIST AND CONSIDER A DYSLEXIA REFERRAL.

If the student scores average to high-average on the receptive language portion of the language test you administer, but the teachers tell you he/she is lagging behind in his/her reading skills, CONNECT WITH THE CAMPUS EVALUATION SPECIALIST AND CONSIDER A DYSLEXIA REFERRAL.

If the student demonstrates good listening comprehension skills, but poor decoding skills or reading passage comprehension skills, CONNECT WITH THE CAMPUS EVALUATION SPECIALIST AND CONSIDER A DYSLEXIA REFERRAL.

If the student demonstrates poor decoding skills, difficulty decoding nonsense words, poor spelling skills, strength in listening comprehension but weakness in reading comprehension, and poor response to intervention to remediate these skills, CONNECT WITH THE CAMPUS EVALUATION SPECIALIST AND CONSIDER A DYSLEXIA REFERRAL.

If you feel that a student is exhibiting characteristics listed in “Recognizing Signs of Dyslexia”, CONNECT WITH THE CAMPUS EVALUATION SPECIALIST AND CONSIDER A DYSLEXIA REFERRAL.

*If a student demonstrates poor reading comprehension skills ALONG WITH poor listening comprehension skills, the student may have a global language disorder co-occurring with dyslexia.

 As SLPs, we hold a valuable key! Let’s use it to make a difference in children’s lives.

By:  Cheval Bryant

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Child Study Material Center Update

New Product Announcements

The Woodcock-Johnson IV will be available in HISD early fall 2014. The Fourth Edition will provide three independent and co-normed batteries: WJ IVTests of Cognitive Abilities, WJ IV Oral Language Battery, and WJ IV Tests of Achievement. See more at:

http://www.riversidepublishing.com/products/wj-iv/?gclid=COeFjYvowL0CFWXl7AodxkoAIw

Kaufman Test of Educational Achievement—Third Edition, available in HISD late fall 2014, offers a comprehensive assessment of key academic skills, maintains all the important features of the KTEA–II and offers updates for targeted interventions. See more at:

http://www.pearsonclinical.com/education/products/100000777/kaufman-test-of-educational-achievement-third-edition-ktea-3.html#tab-details

 

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Istation and Special Education Services

How can we improve results for students with disabilities while improving the productivity and accuracy of professionals who evaluate them?  How can we provide data and information to those who provide support to special education programs throughout Houston ISD?  How?  Istation!

 

Istation reports provide data-driven results enabling administrators, evaluation specialists, licensed specialists in school psychology (LSSPs), speech/language pathologists (SLPs), and special education program specialists to make better-informed decisions and solid recommendations regarding individual and group progress, the need for intervention, and optimal interventions.  Istation will enable these individuals to:

  •  Review student progress over time in all critical areas being evaluated,
  • Show specific skills in which each student struggles, enabling them to provide targeted recommendations for students in special education programs,
  • Assist school leaders as they continue to improve programs for students with disabilities and
  •  Provide Section 504 Committees, Intervention Assistance Teams, and ARD committees with detailed documentation on students’ response to interventions

Beginning in the 2014-2015 school year, the Student Summary Handout will be required for all initial Section 504 and Special Education referrals of enrolled students in grades K-8.   Additionally, Istation data will be used to:

  • Supplement dyslexia identification,
  • Provide supporting information for Full and Individual Evaluations (FIEs),
  • Measure progress toward IEP goals, and
  • Develop the Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP).

With Istation reports, we will have relevant information that can help us optimize the potential of each individual student in Special Education and Section 504.  Istation data can also be used to

ensure effective RtI interventions, and thereby reduce the number of inappropriate referrals to special education.

By Rebecca Martinez

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Governor declares March 3-7 Educational Diagnosticians’ Week

HISD honors the work of Evaluation Specialists (i.e. Diagnosticians!)

Evaluation Specialists in HISD understands the role of supporting the school wide process of Response to Intervention.   Evaluation Specialists are able to influence others such as principals, programs specialists, teachers, and parents because they are current in the field and work to be a reliable source of information.  Evaluation Specialists build strong relationships with colleagues and are viewed as a campus leader.  Evaluation Specialists understand the importance of response time and working within a controlled sense of urgency.  Evaluation Specialists work to solve problems and engage campuses in a meaningful way to impact outcomes for students with disabilities.

Read more about the great work of Evaluation Specialists in HISD featured on the HISD website.  Click here http://blogs.houstonisd.org/news/2014/03/05/governor-declares-march-3-7-educational-diagnosticians-week/

Great Job!  Evaluation Specialists!

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Understanding Problem Behaviors

Behavior must be an action that you can observe and measure. That means, you can see, hear, touch or smell the behavior. Also, you are able to indicate how many, how often, and how long the behavior occurs.

 When you describe a problem behavior, you must report what actually occurs when the behavior is observed. For example, when describing a child who daydreams in class, you should say, “John stares off into space and does not attend to the instruction given by the teacher.”  By describing the problem behavior in observable and measurable terms, we are better able to communicate and then monitor the occurrences of the behavior in more accurate and reliable ways.

 Every behavior communicates a message.  Students often engage in a problem behavior and continue doing so if they can obtain or access a desirable outcome or avoid or escape an undesirable outcome. If we are able to find out the purpose why a student engages in a problem behavior, we would be able to create effective and efficient interventions to reduce and even eliminate its future occurrences.

A simple way to find out the purpose of a problem behavior is by collecting information about the antecedent-behavior-consequence (A-B-C) chains.  A behavior is any observable and measurable act. An antecedent is the event that is present before or reliably precedes a behavior. A consequence is the event that occurs after a behavior which in turn affects the likelihood of the reoccurrence of the behavior.

 Problem behaviors occur because they are triggered by antecedent events and reinforced by consequences. You should be able to predict behavior based upon which antecedents and consequences are present and/or available. It takes repeated observations of the A-B-C chains to predict behavior. Understanding why problem behaviors occur is the essential first step in changing problem behaviors effectively and efficiently.

By:  Shuk Wa Wong

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Evaluation specialist savors uniqueness of every child

Post from HISD’s Weekly Employee News. By HISD Communications
Great Job Katherine!

Katherine Bell didn’t set out to work with children. When the licensed psychologist completed her university studies, she initially worked with adults in drug and alcohol addiction programs, and then maintained a private practice for 18 years.

But Bell has been an evaluation specialist in HISD’s Child Study department now for 25 years, and she works with students from Ashburn, Bush, and West University ES schools to identify children with disabilities and test kids for dyslexia. She says it’s the fascinating variety of children she meets every day that keeps her coming back.

“My job has a lot of variety, because every child is so unique,” said Bell. “I really enjoy pinpointing learning differences and communicating those to parents and teachers so that they can understand and embrace those differences.”

Bell officially marked her 25th anniversary with the district on Feb. 1, but several other employees also marked theirs over the last two weeks (Jan. 26–Feb. 8). See if you know anyone on this list:

Read more here: http://blogs.houstonisd.org/employeenews/?p=4149

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Why Classroom-Based Speech Therapy?

Research tells us that 40%-100% of children with early speech and language disorders have persistent language problems, and 50%-75% have academic difficulties. (Goldsworthy, C.L. 2003). Research also tells us that children generalize new speech and language skills more effectively when the new skill is acquired in the natural environment in which the child is expected to use that new skill.

It would stand to reason that speech and language difficulties and classroom-based difficulties should be targeted in a very coordinated and collaborative manner by both the Speech-Language Pathologist and the classroom teacher. Classroom-Based Speech Therapy meets and enhances the academic and language needs of students at all educational levels and maximizes the effectiveness of speech therapy services provided for students with developmental, articulation/phonology and language impairments; cultural and linguistic differences; language-learning impairments; hearing impairments; autism, mental retardation, and other developmental disabilities.

When SLPs build better connections to teachers and the curriculum, they can strengthen the services they provide by focusing on curriculum-relevant skills. Also, when SLPs model specialized instruction techniques in classrooms, teachers develop the ability to embed speech-language supports into daily routines, benefiting not only the students who receive services, but also other students in the classroom.

Education law (the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, IDEA 2004) supports serving students in the least restrictive environment (LRE), which can be interpreted not only as a place, but also as inclusion with typical peers. Classroom-Based Speech Therapy means that speech-language services should take place with typical peers in the general and/or special education classroom environment. This can also include the cafeteria, playground, art room, gym, or field trips.

Classroom-based intervention will differ for every SLP-Teacher team. There are several service delivery approaches and intervention approaches that are well suited for Classroom-Based intervention. Procedures and activities such as modeling, demonstrating, informing, instructing, role playing, and group problem solving can be carried out within varied genuine communicative contexts (Brinton, & Fujiki, 1989; Damico, 1987; Marvin, 1987; Miller, 1989)

Service Delivery Approaches for Classroom-Based Speech Therapy (SLP and Teacher)
• One teach, one observe – one observes while the other teaches
• One teach, one drift- one assumes primary teaching responsibilities while the other assists individual students
• Station teaching – each teaches at a separate center
• Parallel teaching- each instructs half the class using the same material
• Supplemental teaching- one presents the lesson in a standard format while the other adapts the lesson.
• Team teaching- both share lecturing

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Problem Solving or Protocol-Based Interventions for Intervention Assistance Teams (IAT)

What is the size of your campus?  Do you have Intervention Assistance Team (IAT) meetings for every struggling student to “problem solve” your course of action?  Or, do you have “Protocol-based” interventions that are deployed immediately when a student struggles?  Either approach will work, consider however the benefits of a “Protocol-based” approach to address Tier Two interventions within your campus’s Response to Intervention system (RtI).  For a campus of 1,000 students, at minimum 250 students will likely need Tier Two support.  If your campus adopts a “Problem Solving” IAT approach to Tier II this will translate to at least 250 IAT meetings!  Whereas a “Protocol-based” approach assumes teachers are equipped proactively with specific interventions to address the most likely learning deficits that exist at every grade level. Reserve “Problem Solving” IAT meetings for Tier Three and consider the following steps to implement a “Protocol-based” approach to Tier Two.

  1. Allow grade level teams to identify four to five major learning deficits that occur every year (i.e. Reading comprehension, math problem solving, fluency, letter identification, etc.)
  2. Develop specific interventions that align with the identified four to five major learning deficits.
  3. Routinely train teachers on the fidelity of these interventions.
  4. Allow teachers to deploy these “Protocol-based” interventions immediately without an IAT meeting.
  5. Encourage the documentation of the “Protocol-based” interventions in Chancery SMS.
  6. Reserve actual IAT meetings for Tier Three.

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